What is syntropy
The law of syntropy arises from
the fundamental equations of the universe and has been verified thanks to many
experiments that can be replicated with relative ease.
The famous energymass relation, E=mc^{2},
which we all associate with Einstein was previously published by Oliver
Heaviside in 1890, then by Henri Poincaré in 1900 and by Olinto
De Pretto in 1904. It seems that this equation
arrived to Einstein through his father Hermann who, as
director of the “Privilegiata Impresa Elettrica Einstein”, had frequent contacts with the De Pretto Foundry which built turbines for the production of
electricity. However, E=mc^{2} does not consider the momentum,
which is an important element of energy, and in 1905 Einstein added the
momentum (p), thus obtaining the energymomentummass equation: E^{2}=m^{2}c^{4}+p^{2}c^{2}.
Since energy is squared (E^{2}) and in the momentum (p)
there is time, a square root must be used and two
energy solutions are obtained: negative time energy and positive time energy.
Positive time energy describes
energy that diverges forward in time from a source, from a cause, while
negative time energy describes energy that diverges backward in time and which
for us moving forward in time is energy converging towards an attractor:
Positivetime energy implies
causes that act from the past, while negativetime energy implies attractors
that retroact from the future. However, since the future does not yet exist,
this energy was deemed impossible. Einstein removed it from his equation stating
that “since the speed of physical bodies is practically equal to zero with
respect to the speed of light (c), we can consider the momentum equal to zero
(p=0)”. In this way, he returned to the E=mc^{2}. However,
in 1924 the spin of the electron was discovered; an angular momentum, a
rotation of the electron on itself at a speed close to that of light. Since
this speed is very fast, the momentum cannot be considered equal to zero and in
quantum mechanics the energymomentummass equation must be used with its dual
solution.
The first equation that combined
Einstein’s special relativity and quantum mechanics was formulated in 1926 by
Oskar Klein and Walter Gordon. This equation has two solutions: advanced waves
and delayed waves. Advanced waves were considered impossible since they involve
retrocausality. The second equation, formulated in 1928 by Paul Dirac, also has
two solutions: electrons and negelectrons (now named positrons). The existence
of positrons (which propagate backward in time) was demonstrated in 1932 by
Carl Andersen. Shortly after Wolfgang Pauli and Carl Gustav Jung formulated the
theory of synchronicities: starting from the dual solution of energy, they concluded
that reality is supercausal, with causes that act from the past and attractors
that act from the future. However, in 1933 Heisenberg, who had a strong
charismatic personality and a leading position in the institutions and
academia, declared the negative time solution impossible. From that moment on,
anyone who ventures into the study of the finalistic energy loses the academic
position, the ability to publish and to speak at conferences.
Luigi Fantappiè had
studied pure mathematics at the Normale di Pisa,
where he had been a classmate of Enrico Fermi. He was so popular among
physicists that in 1951 Oppenheimer invited him to become a member of Princeton’s
“Institute for Advanced Study” and to work directly with Einstein. As a
mathematician Fantappiè could not accept that physicists had rejected half of
the solutions of the fundamental equations and in 1941, while listing the
properties of the positive time and negative time energy, he discovered that
positive time energy is governed by the law of entropy, while negative time
energy is governed by a complementary law which he named syntropy, combining the Greek
words syn which
means converging and tropos which means tendency. Entropy is the
tendency of energy to dissipate, also known as the law of thermal death. On the
contrary, syntropy is the tendency of energy to concentrate, to increase
differentiation, complexity, and structures. These are the mysterious
properties of life! In 1944 Fantappiè published the book “Principles of a Unitary Theory of the
Physical and Biological World” in which he suggested that the
physicalmaterial world is governed by entropy and evolves towards chaos, while
the biological world is governed by syntropy and evolves towards finalities
that are represented by attractors. Since we cannot see the future, the dual
energy solution suggests the existence of a visible reality (causal and
entropic) and an invisible one (finalistic and syntropic).
The dual solution of energy implies three types of time:

Causal time: when the positive time solution prevails, that is, when systems diverge,
as in the case of our expanding universe, entropy dominates, causes always
precede their effects and time flows forward, from the past to the future.

Retrocausal time: when the negative time solution prevails, that is, when systems
converge, as in the case of black holes, retrocausality dominates, the effects
always precede the causes and time flows backwards, from the future to the
past.

Supercausal time: when the diverging and converging forces are balanced, as in the case
of atoms and quantum mechanics, causality and retrocausality coexist and time
is unitary.
This
classification of time was already known in ancient Greece where causal time
was referred to as Kronos,
retrocausal time as Kairos and
supercausal time as Aion.
At this point a question
arises: How does syntropy flow from the quantum level to the macroscopic level,
transforming inorganic matter into organic matter? In 1925 Wolfgang Pauli
discovered the hydrogen bond. In water molecules, hydrogen atoms are in an
intermediate position between the subatomic (quantum) and molecular (macrocosm)
levels and provide a bridge that allows syntropy (cohesive forces) to flow from
the micro to the macro. Hydrogen bonds increase cohesive forces (syntropy) and
make water different from all other liquids. Due to these cohesive forces ten
times stronger than the van der Waals forces that hold other liquids together,
water exhibits anomalous properties. For example, when it solidifies it expands
and floats; on the contrary, other liquids become denser, heavier and sink. The
uniqueness of water derives from the cohesive properties of syntropy that allow
the construction of largescale networks and structures. Hydrogen bonds allow
syntropy to flow from the quantum to the macro level making water essential for
life. Water is the lifeblood, the necessary element for the manifestation and
evolution of any biological structure.
The dual energy
solution suggests that the present time is the meeting point of causes that act
from the past (causality) and attractors that act from the future (retrocausality
and finality).
In the physical,
entropic world, a great cause is needed to achieve a great effect. This is since
energy diverges and tends to disperse. On the contrary, in the biological, syntropic
world, the smaller the cause, the more it is amplified by the attractors and
the greater is the effect. This oddity of attractors was discovered in 1963 by the
meteorologist Edward Lorenz. When dealing with water, as it happens in
meteorology, a small variation can produce an effect that amplifies. Lorenz
described this situation with the famous words: “The flap of a butterfly’s wings in the Amazon can cause a hurricane in
the United States.” For this to happen it is necessary that the
small flap is in line with the attractor, otherwise entropy prevails, and
energy is dispersed. When the small flap of wings is in line with the attractor
this amplifies to incredible effects.
Obviously, for this to happen,
the contribution of the attractor, that is, of the finality, is necessary.
 Complementarity
Modern
science has not yet explained what energy is. Richard Feynman, Nobel Prize in Physics,
writes:
“It is important to realize that in
physics today we have no knowledge of what energy is ... There is a fact,
though, or if you want a law that governs all natural phenomena. There is no
exception to this law. The law is called ‘energy conservation’ and states that
the amount of energy does not change in the transformations it undergoes. This
is an abstract idea, a mathematical principle that says that if there is an
amount of energy, this remains constant. We can calculate the amount of energy
and after any processing if we calculate again the amount of energy, the result
is always the same.”^{10}
This is the first law of thermodynamics: “Energy
cannot be created or destroyed, but only transformed”.
In Einstein’s energy/momentum/mass equation
(E^{2}=m^{2}c^{4}+p^{2}c^{2})
energy has twotime solutions. But, since the future is invisible, two
perfectly balanced realities exist: a visible and an invisible one. These two
realities are united by the same energy and the same equation.
We can write:
E_{total} = E_{visible}
+ E_{invisible}
Total
energy is the sum of visible and invisible energy
The visible reality expands and is governed
by the law of entropy, whereas the invisible reality contracts and is governed
by the law of syntropy.
We can also write:
E_{total} = E_{entropic}
+ E_{syntropic}
Since the first law of thermodynamics
states that energy is a constant, that cannot be created or destroyed, but only
transformed, we can replace the total energy with the number 1 and write:
1 =
Entropy + Syntropy
Entropy
= 1 – Syntropy
Syntropy
= 1 – Entropy
This shows that entropy and syntropy are
complementary parts of the same unity.
The definition of syntropy is profoundly
different from that of negentropy which does not consider the direction of
time. This has incredible consequences since it implies that life, but also
physical reality, is the result of two complementary energies.
The description of two complementary
forces, one diverging and one converging, one visible and one invisible, one
destructive and one constructive, can be found in many philosophies and
religions.
In the Taoist philosophy all aspects of the
universe are described as the interplay of two complementary and fundamental
forces: the yang which is diverging, and the yin which
is converging.
Taijitu symbol
In the Taijitu the
yang principle is represented by the white color and has entropic properties,
whereas the yin principle is represented by the black color and has syntropic
properties. The Taijitu is a wheel that rotates constantly, changing the
proportion of yin and yang (syntropy and entropy) in the visible and the
invisible sides of reality. The Taijitu shows that a property of
complementarity is that opposites attract each other. This property is well
known in physics, but it is also true at the human level where people on
opposite polarities are attracted to each other, as in males and females. Since
the balance of these opposite forces remains unchanged the Taoist philosophy
suggests that the aim is to harmonize the opposites, thus creating unity.
In Hinduism the law of
complementarity is described by the dance of Shiva and Shakti, where Shakti is
the personification of the female principle and Shiva of the male principle.
They represent the primordial cosmic energy and the dynamic forces that are
thought to move through the entire universe. Shiva has the properties of the
law of syntropy, whereas Shakti has the properties of the law of entropy, and
they are constantly combined in an endless cosmic dance.
Endless cosmic dance between Shiva and
Shakti
In the psychological
literature of the 20^{th} century Carl Gustav Jung and Wolfgang Pauli
added synchronicities (syntropy) to causality (entropy). According to Jung,
synchronicities are the experience of two or more events that are apparently
causally unrelated or unlikely to occur together by chance, yet they are
experienced as occurring together in a meaningful manner.
The concept of
synchronicity was first described in this terminology by Carl Gustav Jung in
the 1920s. The concept does not question, or compete with, the notion of
causality. Instead, it maintains that just as events may be grouped by causes,
they may also be grouped by finalities, a meaningful principle. Jung coined the
word synchronicities to describe what he called “temporally coincident
occurrences of acausal events.” He variously described synchronicity as an “acausal
connecting principle,” “meaningful coincidence” and “acausal
parallelism.”
Jung gave a full
statement of this concept in 1951 when he published the paper Synchronicity 
An Acausal Connecting Principle, jointly with a study by the physicist
Wolfgang Pauli.
In Jung’s and Pauli’s
description causality acts from the past, whereas synchronicities act from the
future. Synchronicities are meaningful since they lead towards a finality,
providing a direction to events, correlating them in apparently acausal ways.
Jung and Pauli
described causality and synchronicity acting on the same indestructible energy.
They are united by this energy, but at the same time they are complementary.
Exchange is well
denoted in metabolism where Entropy corresponds to Catabolic
processes, which transform higher level structures into lowerlevel structures
with the release of energy in the form of chemical energy (ATP) and thermal
energy, and Syntropy corresponds to Anabolic processes, which
transform simple structures into complex structures, for example nutritive
elements into biomolecules, with the absorption of energy.
The principle of complementarity
between entropy and syntropy offers important applications for the creation of
tools and solutions that favor wellbeing.